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5.2 Arms show personal status 


The royal crown is a mark of sovereignty, and it thus used by monarchies of all titular ranks and even by republics. It can have different shapes, but is always arched (closed).

Imperial crown of Austro-Hungry 

Republic of
San Marino 

Kingdoms of Norway and Netherlands
Principalities of Liechtenstein and Monaco
of Finland 

Grand-Duchy of Baden        official frank, 1868

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