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4.1 The marshalling of arms

QUARTERING

The usual manner is to show the paternal shield in the first and fourth quarters and the maternal shield in the second and third.


However, if one shield is regarded as more important than the other, it will be shown on the first quarter regardless of its origin.

The shield of England is in the first quarter of the Royal Arms, though the king of Scotland inherited the English throne through his mother.


Quartering a shield of a territory can represent a claim rather than actual possession.



    

Until the year 1801, The Royal Arms of England included the shield of France, stating a claim made by Edward III in 1340 to the French throne.

When an office holder quarters his official arms with his own, the former
is placed in the first and fourth quarters.

        

The Grand Masters  of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta quarter their personal arms with that of the order.



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